2. 1876 CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION
1876 Centennial Exhibition Ticket. Beautiful engraved admission ticket for the great International Exhibition held in Philadelphia to celebrate
the centennial of the United States in 1876. Individually serial numbered and in fine condition. A scarce and interesting souvenir of the
centennial. $55.00
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3. (AMERICAN REVOLUTION)
(AMERICAN REVOLUTION). Original "Act to Obviate Doubts with Respect to the Authority of Councellors in New Jersey," read in the New Jersey General Assembly in November 18, 1776. The Act was intended to assert the authority of New Jersey legal officials under the "present Government," meaning the newly independent American Revolutionary regime of the United States, and to claim the same authority as such officials enjoyed under the former Establishment when New Jersey had been a colony of Great Britain. Very interesting and rare original document from the first months of New Jersey's independence as one of the United States of America. SOLD
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4. JOSEPH ANDERSON (1757-1837)
Brevet Major in the Revolutionary War, he served with Sullivan against the Iroquois and at the Siege of Yorktown. US Senator from Tennessee, President Pro Tempore of the Senate upon the resignation of Aaron Burr. US Comptroller of the Treasury 1815-1836. Treasury Department official letter dated August 11, 1828, signed by Anderson. Also includes integral address leaf with his franking signature, making two signatures on the one document. $295.00
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5. CLEMENT BIDDLE (1740-1814)
Patriot activist, Quaker, warm personal friend of George Washington. As an officer in the Continental Army, he served at the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Germantown, Brandywine, and Monmouth. Later appointed US Marshal of Pennsylvania by Washington. 3-page legal-size manuscript document concerning a dispute over payment of a bill. Signed "Clement Biddle," in his capacity as a notary public, and set with a beautiful impression of Biddle’s wax and paper notary public seal. $465.00
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6. NICHOLAS BIDDLE (1786-1844)
Scholar, Financier, President of the Second Bank of the United States. Biddle and his bank were the target of Andrew Jackson’s "Bank War," a political struggle that Jackson won and that cost the bank its charter. Beautifully engraved order of the Bank of the United States for 50 pounds sterling, dated June 21, 1838, and made out to F.W. Porter. Signed by Biddle as bank president. $350.00
8. HUGO BLACK (1886-1971)
Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court 1937-1971. Typed note on Black's Supreme Court stationery, dated January 25, 1945, sending thanks for an interesting letter. Signed "Hugo Black." $135.00
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9. JAMES GILLESPIE BLAINE (1830-1893)
US Congressman and Senator from Maine, a founder of the Republican Party, Secretary of State under James Garfield and Benjamin Harrison. Despite his fame as an orator, he was defeated by Grover Cleveland for the presidency in 1884. Signature on card, "J. G. Blaine, MC.” $95.00
William Bradford
10. WILLIAM BRADFORD (1755-1795)
Jurist, officer with the Pennsylvania militia and the Continental Army during the Revolution, son-in-law of Continental Congress President Elias Boudinot. He was chosen by President Washington to be the second US Attorney General in 1794. Two-page letter written and signed by Bradford, dated 1794, concerning a mortgage from the Committee of the Corporation of the Widows Fund. Bradford appends an elegantly and subtly worded threat should settlement not be forthcoming. Signed “W. Bradford,” while serving as attorney general. Very scarce. SOLD
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11. DAVID G. BURNET (1789-1870)
Texas revolutionary, first President of the Republic of Texas, serving provisionally during the Texas Revolution. Very early letter written entirely in Burnet’s hand, dated April 25, 1809, concerning financial matters dealing with a family estate settlement. “the estate of our dearly beloved & regretted Brother is as mysterious to me as it possibly can be…” Signed with a flourish, “D. G. Burnet.” SOLD
United States History
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12. JOHN C. CALHOUN (1782-1850)
US Congressman and Senator from South Carolina, US Secretary of War under President James Monroe 1817-1825, US Vice-President under Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. One of the most important and influential American statesmen of the nineteenth-century. Manuscript letter dated September 17, 1823, concerning the bonding of an Indian Agent to the Chickesaw Nation. Signed "J. C. Calhoun" as Secretary of War. Signature slightly brushed before the ink was dry, but clear and legible nonetheless. SOLD
13. WENTWORTH CHESWILL (1746-1817) (AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY-EARLY)
Scion of an African-American family, but passing as White, Cheswill is revered as the New Hampshire Paul Revere. A messenger for the Committee of Safety, he rode from Boston to New Hampshire with the news that the British were coming. New Hampshire sheriff's writ to seize the person or property of Eliphalet Mighells, a debtor. Dated April 14, 1809, and signed "Wentworth Cheswill" as Justice of the Peace. The fascinating story of the hidden racial background of the Cheswills was highlighted in a PBS Frontline special, "The Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families." A rare and fascinating item from a remarkable individual. SOLD
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14. WILLIAM CLARK (1770-1838)
American explorer of “Lewis & Clark” Fame. Soldier, veteran of General Anthony Wayne’s Fallen Timbers Campaign, Governor of the Missouri Territory. He joined Meriwether Lewis on the greatest exploratory expedition of the early republic. Manuscript St. Louis land indenture transferring a property to Clark, dated November 5, 1811. Clark was instrumental in the early settlement and organization of Missouri. Signed “Wm. Clark.” Rare and interesting. SOLD
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15. CLEMENT CLAIBORNE CLAY, Jr. (1816-1882)
US Senator from Alabama, later served in the Confederate Senate when his state seceded. Led an unsuccessful mission through Canada to contact Lincoln’s government and begin peace negotiations in 1864. Imprisoned (and later freed) at the end of the Civil War on suspicion of planning raids and assassinations across the Canadian-US border. Cut signature “C. C. Clay, Jr.” taken from a larger document. Also signed by South Carolina Confederate Congressman John McQueen (1804-1867), so these signatures likely came from a Confederate legislative document. SOLD
16. CONFEDERATE CURRENCY
Original Confederate $100.00 bill printed by Keatinge & Ball of South Carolina. Beautifully engraved $100.00 Confederate States bill printed in red and black on very fine paper. Decorated with engraved images of John C. Calhoun, and a vignette of slaves hoeing cotton. Hand-numbered in red ink 65298, and hand-dated November 21, 1862. A fine and attractive CS item. $120.00


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17. CONTINENTAL CURRENCY (1776)
Original two dollar note from the November 2, 1776 issue, just a few short months after Independence was declared. Archivally framed with a window on the reverse of the note, and with a copy of Archibald Willard's "Spirit of '76" painting, done in 1876 and originally titled "Yankee Doodle." A lovely item from the year of American Independence, ready to hang. $395.00
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18. RICHARD HENRY DANA (1815-1882)
Lawyer, one of the first Republicans, US Attorney for Massachusetts (appointed by Abraham Lincoln), friend to Herman Melville. His memoir of sailor life aboard an American sailing ship, "Two Years Before the Mast," was instrumental in encouraging legal reforms to improve the working conditions of seamen. Manuscript letter on US Attorney stationery concerning a case of Post Office larceny in Lowell, Massachusetts. Dana requests the Middlesex District Attorney to delay sentencing for the guilty party, as his testimony is important in a government case. Signed "Rich. H. Dana, Jr." $195.00 SOLD
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19. NATHAN DANE (1752-1835)
Lawyer, Continental Congressman from Massachusetts. He helped draft the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and himself added the article prohibiting slavery in the Northwest Territory. Manuscript tax receipt written and signed by Dane, bearing the late-Revolutionary War date of July 19, 1782, for the substantial sum of 202.14.8 paid on the Continental Tax. Signed “Nathan Dane” as commissioner. $145.00 SOLD
20. 1912 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION
Original guest pass for the 1912 convention that nominated Woodrow Wilson, with an engraved image of the Capitol dome and a portrait of Thomas Jefferson, the party's founder. An attractive item. SOLD
22. JOHN HERBERT DILLINGER (1902-1934)
Notorious, and successful, bank robber. Deemed dangerous enough to be classified as “Public Enemy #1” by the Department of Justice Division of Investigation (renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1935). Dillinger and his gang terrorized the Midwest in 1933, killing, robbing and more than once escaping from jail. He was eventually ambushed and killed by federal agents outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago on July 22, 1934. Extraordinary and unique Dillinger souvenir with excellent provenance. While briefly in the custody of the Tuscon Police in January of 1934, the police chief had one of his officers ask Dillinger to sign a one-dollar and two-dollar bill. The officer reported that Dillinger tore the one-dollar bill in half afterward, in his words, "to make sure you don't spend this one." After being transferred from Tuscon, Dillinger escaped and was later gunned down by the FBI. This item is the one-dollar half-bill bearing a strong, excellent Dillinger's signature. A terrific Dillinger autograph, and an absolutely unique autograph item from Public Enemy #1. SOLD
24. RICHARD HARRISON (1750-1841) (FEDERALISTS)
Federalist, US Consul to Cadiz, first Auditor of the US Treasury (appointed by George Washington). Letter written and signed by Harrison, dated June 3, 1803, to New York lawyer and jurist PETER van SCHAACK (1747-1832). Terrific political content concerning the famous libel case of HARRY CROSWELL (1778-1858), Federalist editor of the aptly-named New York Wasp, who had attacked President Thomas Jefferson in print. As a result, he was being sued for libel under New York law by Jefferson's Democratic Republicans.

In an interesting stroke of poetic irony, Croswell was helped in his defense by Arch-Federalist Alexander Hamilton, who is mentioned in this letter. When the Federalists where in power, Hamilton had supported the enactment of the Sedition Act, which essentially made criticism of the government illegal. Now that a Federalist editor was under a similar attack, he changed his tune and became an ardent defender of free speech. Jefferson himself had normally been a supporter of free speech, but selectively prosecuted his Federalist critics once in power.
In the letter, Harrison suggests various strategies for Croswell to employ, including arguing that state courts did not have jurisdiction over a libel case involving the US President, as well as suggesting that the defense should provide evidence to support the claims for which he was being tried. This would put the judge and plaintiff in a catch-22 situation, in that to refuse to accept such evidence "will establish that the Truth of the charge is no protection to the printer; & how the staunch opponents of the Gag-Law can avow that doctrine, I must own that I am at a loss to discover." The "Gag Law" was a popular term for the Sedition Act opposed so vigorously by Jefferson's party. Fantastic and very rare political content from the innermost circle of the Federalist Party as they do battle with the ascendant Jeffersonion Republicans. Full transcript provided. $1595.00


23. (ELLIS ISLAND - Colonel Alexander C W Fanning)
Alexander C W Fanning (1788-1846), career soldier and one of the earliest graduates of West Point (1812). He was brevetted for gallant service in the War of 1812, and fought with Andrew Jackson in the First Seminole War in 1817-1818. He was later brevetted for gallant service during the Second Seminole War 1835-1839. This long and detailed autograph signed letter by Fanning is to the U.S. military storekeeper at Watervliet, NY and discusses ordnance, mentioning Fort Hamilton, Fort Lafayette, Governor's Island and Ellis Island. Ellis Island was a fort which was used for storage during the War of 1812 prior to becoming known for Immigration SOLD

25. HAMILTON FISH (1808-1893)
American statesman, US Senator, 16th Governor of New York, 26th US Secretary of State, serving for most of President Grant's administration. He was Grant's longest-serving cabinet officer, and in a role that was considered at the time to be second in importance only to the president. Manuscript letter on State Department stationery, written entirely in Fish's hand, date April 18, 1873. Fish is acknowledging a letter he had received from William H. Nunn of New York, containing admiration and praise for President Grant. Fish mentions having read the letter to Grant, and passes along the president's appreciation of the kind words regarding "his character & his career." Signed "Hamilton Fish." $140.00

26. NATHANIEL FOLSOM (1726-1790)
American Revolutionary, Continental Congressman for New Hampshire. Brigadier General of New Hampshire Militia at the beginning of the Revolution, he served at the Siege of Boston and planned the march on Ticonderoga. Partially printed sheriff's warrant to take into custody one Richard Smith, of Folsom's home town of Exeter, in an affair over debt default. Dated January 2, 1787, and signed "Nath. Folsom" as Justice of the Peace. $350.00
27. SAMUEL AUGUSTUS FOOTE (1780-1846)
Governor of Connecticut, US Congressman. His "Foot Resolution" in Congress in 1829 sparked Daniel Webster to remark "Liberty and Union, one and inseparable, now and forever," as the resolution was debated, igniting the famous Hayne-Webster Debate on the nature of the Federal Union. Three-page manuscript letter in Foote's hand to an unknown correspondent from Connecticut. Fantastic and important content concerning ongoing issues of Federal land policy, a very hot topic as Western expansion and settlement was beginning to boom. He makes particular mention of the reverberations of the recently passed Missouri Compromise. "The Missouri Question seems now to engross public attention, & will probably soon engage the attention of Congress & I fear not only engross the attention, but consume too much of this short session." A rare find, offering an insider's glimpse into the political turmoil in the Congress as lines began to be drawn between slave and free states, along the road to civil war. $550.00
28. FELIX FRANKFURTER (1882-1965)
Austrian-born Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court 1939-1962, Founder of the ACLU. Typed letter on Supreme Court stationery, dated December 7, 1960, concerning a memorial planned for a friend. Signed "Felix Frankfurter." Professionally matted. $850.00
29. J. PAUL GETTY (1892-1976)
Oil Billionaire, art collector. He built a huge oil empire that eventually controlled or owned over 100 companies and made him one of the richest men in the world. Original check from Getty's personal account imprinted with his name and address, dated January 12, 1942. An interesting example of Getty's charitable side, the check is made payable to the Los Angeles branch of the Salvation Army for $25.00. Fine, strong signature "J. Paul Getty." SOLD
30. JAMES HOBAN (1762-1831)
Architect, designed The White House, and supervised its rebuilding after its destruction by the British in 1814. Also designed the State and War offices, and the old State Capitol in Columbia, South Carolina. Land indenture document dated September 14, 1815, signed by Hoban as one of the principles. Also signed by Justice of the Peace WILLIAM THORNTON (1759-1828), the architect who designed the US Capitol! Scarce, unusual document bearing the signatures of the two most important federal architects of the early Republic. $1250.00

31. JAMES HOBAN (1762-1831)
Architect, designed The White House, and supervised its rebuilding after its destruction by the British in 1814. Also designed the State and War offices, and the old State Capitol in Columbia, South Carolina. Original manuscript Deed of Trust document concerning a debt, filed in April of 1825. Hoban has signed twice as witness! $490.00
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32. SAMUEL HOLTEN (1738-1816)
Patriot activist, statesman. Member of the Continental Congress for Massachusetts 1778-1783, he had helped frame the Articles of Confederation in 1777. Massachusetts Court of Probate document concerning the estate of a housewright. Dated May 10, 1804, and signed by Holton as Judge of Probate. $190.00 SOLD

33.

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34. JOHN EDGAR HOOVER (1895-1972)
Long-time Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Typed letter on Hoover’s letterhead as FBI Director, dated March 24, 1972, sending thanks to a citizen who had read Hoover’s books on Communism. Signed “J. Edgar Hoover.” $125.00

35. SAM HOUSTON (1793-1863)
Lawyer, soldier, statesman. US Congressman and Governor of Tennessee. He led Texas to victory in her war for independence from Mexico, and became the first President of the Republic of Texas. After Texas attained statehood, he served as US Senator and Governor of Texas. Beautifully engraved Texas Treasury Note for $50.00, dated September 1, 1837. Signed on the front "Sam Houston" as President of the Republic of Texas. A great item from the earliest days of Texas independence. Rare both for the fine example of Houston's signature and for the brief span of time during which these notes were produced. Texas only existed as an independent country from 1836-1846. SOLD
36. CHARLES EVANS HUGHES (1862-1948)
Governor of New York, Chief Justice of the United States 1930-1941.Signed card, dated February 10, 1923 $125.00
39. FRANK JAMES (1844-1915)
One of the most famous and American outlaws, partner-in-crime with his brother Jesse James. Both Jesse and Frank served as Confederate guerrillas during the Civil War, and continued their activities in the post-war period in the infamous and successful "James Gang," until the death of Jesse in 1882. Autographed letter written horizontally over a penciled letter of his brother-in-law Sam Ralston, dated September 19, 1883 from Sonora, Mexico. Sentimental and charming letter to James' wife, telling her that "I miss you very much and love you more then all the world." He asks her not to forget him, and to "tell my little man he must not forget his papa." Signed "your affect. Hubby, Ben." Also includes the envelope address panel, to "Mrs. A. F. James, Independence, Mo." In James' hand. Apparently hand-delivered with a notation of "Kindness, Mr. Ki Holland."

A fantastic piece of Western lore from one of the most famous of American outlaws. The content of Sam Ralston's letter is equally fascinating, recounting an armed standoff with a town sheriff named Burns. "..Burns pulled out a pistol and said he was armed and not afraid of anyone I said so am I and stepped back and fired my pistol over their heads they looked at me and walkd off." He also mentions the "glad tidings of the acquittal," which is almost certainly a reference to James' trial, which closed a few weeks earlier, for murder and robbery in the case of the Rock Island Line train robbery in which a passenger and conductor were killed. In front of a sympathetic Missouri jury, who saw the James' boys as local Robin Hoods, and with strong supporting testimony from General Joseph O. Shelby, who portrayed Frank as a Southern patriot for his war service, he was acquitted of all charges. He must have been very pleased indeed as the trial had resulted from him turning himself in after his brother was gunned down, figuring it was only a matter of time before he was killed in a similar fashion.

Housed in a beautiful custom-made leather slipcase with marbled boards, incorporating a space for the letter, envelope, and a picture of Frank James. Rare and unique. $4500.00


41. LIBERIA NJ COLONIZATION SOCIETY
Superb letter written by a New Jersey African-American man, being a 5-page (legal size) hand-written report to the president and Board of Managers of the New Jersey Colonization Society recounting his trip to Liberia. The Colonization Societies were anti-slavery groups dedicated to repatriating former slaves to Africa, after establishing an African republic (Liberia) modeled on the US. The letter is datelined February 5, 1866, from the Liberian capital city of Monrovia, named for President James Monroe, who was president when Liberia was founded. The author of the letter is H(enry) W. Johnson, a long-time abolitionist who had earlier been a critic of colonization. The prospects in post-Civil War America seem to have been disappointing to him.

Spectacular, detailed content about the promise of the Liberian experiment. The report is full of elegantly written descriptions and details, including an account of the crossing, the beauty of the location, the pleasant climate, and enthusiasm for the project's progress. "All that has transpired since I left America, and all I have witnessed since my arrival here, have only confirmed me in my belief, - that Africa is the best home for the oppressed Black men in America!" The author felt an exhilarating freedom in Liberia that he felt denied in America "for no other reason than I wear the dark skin given me by my Creator!" He offers his opinion that American free Blacks were wrong to stay and "hug their chains" and "kiss the rod that smites them" rather than beginning anew in Liberia.

Fantastic content from an African American eyewitness to the early days of the Liberian experiment in colonization. An absolutely unique and rare document. An interesting postscript explains that the author and his family have contracted "the fever" and thus apologizes for having to continue the report in more detail at a later time. $5900.00
42. THOMAS MIFFLIN (1744-1800)
An American merchant and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a major general in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, a member of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, a Continental Congressman from Pennsylvania, President of the Continental Congress, and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, President of the Pennsylvania Supreme Executive Council and the first Governor of Pennsylvania.

Suitable for framing, this handwritten document measures 16" x 13" and is signed by Thomas Mifflin while he served as Governor of Pennsylvania. Dated April 7, 1791, served as a receipt for the purchase of land by Elizabeth Dunwoody. The sum of 12 Shillling and three Pence was paid to the Commonwealth for a tract of land in Reading Township, York County called "Elizabeth's Retreat." The tract is described as "beginning at a white oak on the bank of great Cannawagoe Creek" and continuing "seven degrees west eighty eight perches and a half to a Black Oak Stump" to cover 61 acres in total. The document was witnessed and signed by Governor Thomas Mifflin. The document is also signed by Alexander J. (A.J.) Dallas who was appointed Secretary of the Commonwealth by Mifflin. Dallas County, Alabama and Dallas Township, Pennsylvania were both named after him. He is a possible namesake for Dallas, Texas as well. SOLD

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44. STEPHEN MIX MITCHELL (1743-1835)
Jurist, Continental Congressman and US Senator from Connecticut. 1792 manuscript document written and signed by Mitchell authorizing payment to the town of Guilford for the support of "Philip Riley a transient person." An interesting early example of social welfare, with the state of Connecticut paying for the support of a homeless citizen. $280.00
46. THOMAS PAINE (1737-1808)
American Revolutionary, pamphleteer, author and agitator. Author of Common Sense, The Rights of Man, and The Age of Reason. He was a driving force between both the American and French Revolutions. Splendid third-person note written entirely bay Paine in his own hand, with an autograph address panel. Signed "Mr. Paine of America" at the commencement, the note is a polite request for an "interview" with renowned Irish playwright RICHARD B. SHERIDAN (1751-1816), author School for Scandal among others. Sheridan served as member of Parliament for Stafford from 1780-1812. Sheridan was an influential Whig, and a friend of the American colonists at the time of the American Revolution. It was this sympathy that likely prompted Paine's visit. The only date is "Monday," but the note was probably written between 1787-1789 when Paine was living in England. Interesting and very rare. In a famous letter to General Nathaniel Greene, Paine once wrote "Thank God nobody can publish my letters after I am dead for I write none and in the present uncertainty of conveyance I feel determined to write none. Thus much by way of apology for not writing sooner." Our experience matches Paine's admission that his letters are very, very few and far between, and not many remain in private hands. $15,000.00
48. EDMUND RANDOLPH (1753-1814)
Aide-de-campe to General George Washington during the Revolution, Member of the Continental Congress, Delegate to the Constitutional Convention. First US Attorney General, later Secretary of State. Two-page handwritten letter signed by Randolph concerning a Congressional "Act for the Relief of Certain inhabitants of St. Domingo," dated February 27, 1794. $650.00
49. HENRY RUTGERS (1745-1830)
Patriot activist, Soldier of the Revolution, Merchant. As a philanthropist, he helped revive Queen's College, New Jersey, which was renamed in his honor 1825. This museum quality frame measures 15.5" x 24" and holds two smaller frames. The top is a handwritten receipt for a load of stone, dated June 22, 1807, from New York. Document is handwritten and signed by "Henry Rutgers." The lower frame features a print of Rutgers University. $450.00

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52. GEORGE SUTHERLAND (1862-1942)
English-born Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court 1922-1938, US Representative and Senator from Utah. Postal card signed “Geo. Sutherland, Dec. 10, 1934.” $70.00
53. CHARLES THOMSON (1729-1824)
Philadelphia teacher and merchant, he served as Secretary of the Continental Congress 1774-1789. Signatory, along with John Hancock, of the first printed copy of the Declaration of Independence by Dunlap on July 4, 1776. A friend of Benjamin Franklin, he was widely respected for his intellect, abilities and zeal. Letter written and signed by Thomson, dated October 26, 1784, at Philadelphia, and addressed to US Minister to France THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743-1826), 3rd US President and the author of the Declaration of Independence. Thomson has written a letter of introduction for Joseph Norris, a future president of the Bank of Pennsylvania. He solicits Jefferson's aid on Norris' behalf, and also implores Jefferson to help guard him from the "vice and folly" of Paris. Jefferson has docketed the letter in his own hand "C. Thomson." A rare and interesting letter from within the Revolutionary inner circle. $3900.00
54. WILLIAM THORNTON (1759-1826)
Architect, inventor. Designed the US Capitol and the Library Company of Philadelphia building. Served from 1802 until his death as Superintendent of the United States Patent Office. Manuscript document dated June 12, 1824, concerning the sale of a parcel of land in Washington DC, Signed on both the front and back by Thornton as Justice of the Peace. $385.00
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55. GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN (1829-1904)
Merchant, entrepreneur, traveler, author, eccentric. Jules Verne’s Around the World in 80 Days was said to have been patterned on one of Train’s adventures. Brief poem, written and signed by Train and dated “Xmas ‘99.” “Ah well! The World is discreet/ There are many who pause and wait/ But here is a man who plants his feet/ Sometimes in advance of fate! Geo. Francis Train, Madison Square.” $150.00
57. MESHECH WEARE (1713-1786)
American Revolutionary Statesman, First President of the State of New Hampshire, as well as Chief Justice of the state Superior Court. Large, partially printed document appointing Nathaniel Emerson a colonel in the state militia, dated Christmas Day, December 25, 1784. Even brown age toning, and boldly signed "M Weare." $2500.00
58. DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)
Statesman, considered by many of his contemporaries to be the greatest Lawyer of the period. A renowned orator, Webster, along with Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, was one of the "Great Triumvirate" that dominated Congressional politics in the mid-nineteenth century. Postal cover addressed in Webster's hand to J. M. Howard, Esq. of Detroit with a Washington DC postmark for January 14, 1805. Set with an intact red wax seal bearing the initials "D. W." and Webster's free frank signature "Dan.l. Webster." All writing is light but legible. $245.00
60. MARINUS WILLET (1740-1830)
Patriot activist, a leader of the New York City Sons of Liberty, later appointed Mayor. Continental Army Colonel, commanded US forces in the Mohawk Valley 1780-1783. After the war, he was a prominent Anti-Federalist and opponent of the ratification of the US Constitution. Partially printed order dated August 17, 1784, for the "Sherif of the City of New-York" to take Joseph Rose into custody. Signed on the reverse by Willett, as Sheriff. $135.00
61. OLIVER WOLCOTT JR. (1760-1833)
Son of Declaration of Independence Signer Oliver Wolcott, friend and ally of Alexander Hamilton, who Wolcott succeeded as US Secretary of the Treasury under President Washington 1795-1800. Governor of Connecticut 1817-1827. Letter dated September 15, 1800, and addressed to Robert Goodloe Harper (1765-1825), a veteran of the Revolution, serving under General Nathanael Greene at the age of fifteen, and a Major-General during the War of 1812. At the time of Wolcott's writing, Harper was serving as a Federalist US Congressman for South Carolina. The letter concerns the ship "Snow Ranger" and her liability to American customs duties. Signed by Wolcott as Secretary of the Treasury. $295.00
62. THOMAS WHARTON (1735-1778)
Patriot activist, early member of the Philadelphia Committee of Correspondence. President of the Council of Safety 1776, and President of Pennsylvania 1777-1778. Pay order for 12 pounds made out to John Smith for ten days expenses and services, for himself and his horse. Revolutionary War-dated July 9, 1777, and signed by Wharton as President of Pennsylvania, the equivalent of Governor at the time. $550.00
63. THE COLONIAL TEA PARTIES
The London Chronicle Thursday March 3, 1774. Page 2 has several reports headed "America" that includes a note that "A gentleman that left Boston the 20th inst. informs us, that the day before his departure several casks of tea were burnt..." Eight pages of various news of the day including ads. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4, partial red ink tax stamp on page 2. Few minor margin tears, very nice condition. $150.00
64. GENERAL WASHINGTON'S AIDE WRITES
The London Chronicle Thursday September 21, 1775. Page 2 includes election results from the Boston Gazette followed by "... three letters from General Washington's Aid de Camp & Secretary to their friend in Philadelphia." A full page of American Revolution News is followed by 1 1/2 pages describing Philadelphia as noted by one Rev. Mr. Burnaby who visited in 1759 and 60. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
65. IN DEFENSE OF MR. WASHINGTON
The London Chronicle Tuesday October 24, 1775. Following an account of the righteous indignation expressed by a loyalist against those "... of such dissatisfied tempers, and such lawless betrayers of their country..." are reports of fighting in Canada and war time intrigue involving letters from one Mr. Sayre seized by the Secretary's Office from a ship bound for America. Further on is an unsigned mini biography of George Washington from one of his admirers. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
66. THE MORE THINGS CHANGE
The London Chronicle Thursday November 23, 1775. Front page news includes a report of fifteen of the King's soldiers confiscating a printing press in Norfolk, in Virginia. Despite a crowd numbered in the hundreds the soldiers proceeded "...without meeting with the least molestation...". Lottery results precedes a full page letter signed by A Frankelein calling for a "...speedy, absolute, and eternal separation of the whole continent of America from Great Britain." Also included in this issue is a report that Col. Arnold provided advice to General Washington regarding the Canadian front. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
67. NOTICE OF GEN. WASHINGTON'S SUCCESS
The London Chronicle Saturday November 25, 1775. Amongst the reports of General Washington's troops success in a night action against General Burgoyne's troops and South Carolina militia activity is a gem headlined "BON MOT of Mrs. Thrale." Upon being asked by a Frenchman when she thought the Americans would be conquered, Mrs. Thrale replied, in part, "When America belonged to the French, the English found no difficulty in subduing it; but now that it is defended by our Countrymen, the task of conquering is not so easy." Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
68. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The London Chronicle Saturday December 7, 1776. Between the notice about the creation of the American Articles of Confederation and An Ordinance of the State of Pennsylvania declaring what shall be considered the crime and punishment of Treason against the State signed in type by B. Franklin, you can read of the mandatory instructions sent to the Howes preventing any concessions to the Americans until they lay down their arms. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
68. LONDON BRIDGE IN DANGER
The London Chronicle Tuesday July 18, 1780. Tumult in London accompanied by an account alleging George Washington's threat to resign unless accommodations are made to Great Britain to end this folly of war. Hard times indeed for the British ruling class. Eight pages, 8 1/2 by 11 1/4 inches. Very nice, clean condition. $150.00
1. CHARLES SCHWAB BETHLEHEM STEEL ARCHIVE
The Bethlehem Steel Corporation, based in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, was once the second largest steel producer in the United States after Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based U.S. Steel. During the mid 1800s, the United States Navy decided it needed to rebuild its fleet in order to restore its worldwide naval prominence. Bethlehem Steel provided the necessary steel and quickly became one of the largest shipbuilding companies in the world and one of the most powerful symbols of American industrial manufacturing leadership. From the Spanish-American War through World War II, Bethlehem Steel was the single most important source of military products for our armed forces. During World War I and World War II, Bethlehem Steel's 15 Shipyards produced over 1,100 ships, more than any other ship builder at the time.

Taking the name Bethlehem Steel Company in 1899, the company reorganized as the Bethlehem Steel Corporation in 1904 under Charles M. Schwab, a protégé of Andrew Carnegie. Getting his start in Carnegie's steelworks factory in Braddock, PA as a laborer, Schwab quickly rose in the Carnegie empire. In 1892, Schwab was chosen by Carnegie to normalize his steel plant in Homestead, PA after a crushing strike. His success in improving labor relations while increasing production led to his appointment as president of the Carnegie Steel Company in 1897 at the age of 35. Schwab proposed the merger of the competing steel companies that would create U.S. Steel. After 2 years, he resigned in 1903 to become the first president and chairman of the board of directors of Bethlehem Steel Corporation.

Under Schwab's leadership, Bethlehem Steel Corporation became a manufacturing giant possessing steel mills, coal mines, and shipyards throughout the country and even the world. Bethlehem Steel introduced the famous Grey Mill or H-section steel structural members, which became the framework for many of the nation’s most significant skyscrapers and long-span bridges including: the Golden Gate Bridge, the Madison Square Garden, Rockefeller Center, the Chrysler Building, Hoover Dam and Alcatraz.

This Bethlehem Steel collection of documents includes 18 authorized signature cards (varying dates from 1905 and 1908) for accounts held with the Morton Trust Company. Signatures on cards includes president, CHARLES M. SCHWAB, first vice-president, ARCHIBALD JOHNSTON, second vice-president HENRY S. SNYDER, treasurer and secretary BARRY JONES, assistant treasurer and secretary, JAMES KERNAN.

Additional documents include:

The Plan and Agreement of Reorganization report for the United States Shipbuilding Company which became part of the Bethlehem Steel Company.

Two New York Stock Exchange certificates, dated June 27, 1906, issued from the Secretary's Office to the Morton Trust Company announcing the listing of shares of preferred stock of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation and signed GEORGE W. ELY.

Accompanying letters included:

December 23, 1903 - Announcing the newly elected board of directors and signed by president, EDWARD M. McILVAIN, vice-president, ADOLPHE E. BORIE, treasurer, HENRY S. SNYDER, assistant treasurer, JAMES KERNAN and secretary, HENRY S. SNYDER. The Bethlehem Steel corporate seal has been affixed.

October 29, 1908 - Announcing the election of Charles M. Schwab as president of Bethlehem Steel, Archibald Johnston as first vice president, Henry S. Snyder as second vice president, Barry H. Jones continuing as secretary and treasurer, James Kernan as assistant secretary and treasurer and signed by BARRY H JONES

September 18, 1911 - Announcing the election of Eugene G. Grace as a vice president and signed by BARRY H. JONES.

September 29, 1911 - Announcing the election of James Kernan as assistant secretary and assistant treasurer, Eugene G. Grace as general manager and a vice president, Archibald Johnston as a vice president and Henry S. Snyder as a vice president and signed by BARRY H. JONES, secretary of Bethlehem Steel. The Bethlehem Steel corporate seal has been affixed to the document. $1350.00

21. CHAUNCEY DEPEW (1834-1928)
Hired as an attorney for the New York Central Railroad, he ultimately became president of the company and would later hold the position of Senator from New York. Typewritten letter, dated December 14, 1915, on the personal letterhead of Chauncey M. Depew discussing his memories of a former classmate named James Otis Denniston. Signed "Chauncey M. Depew. $140.00
50. ADLAI E. STEVENSON (1900-1965)
American politican, noted for his intellectual demeanor, elegant speech and promotion of liberal causes for the Democratic Party. He was the 31st Governor of Illinois and received the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States in 1952 and 1956. He was defeated both times by Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower. He sought the Democratic Presidential nomiination for a third time in 1960 but was defeated by Senator John F. Kennedy. Kennedy would appoint Stevenson as the Ambassador to the United Nations.

Measuring 19.5" x 14", this museum quality framed image of Stevenson shows him behind a bank of microphones. The image is captioned at the bottom saying "Gesturing ruefully after defeat, Adlai Stevenson says, "I have not communicated successfully." The photo is autographed beneath the microphones and signed, "Adlai E. Stevenson."

59. Msgr. NICHOLAS WEGNER (1898-1976)
Monsignor Nicholas H. Wegner (1898-1976) was an outstanding baseball player in his youth and received several offers from Major League baseball teams. He turned down the offers to pursue his calling to become a priest, pitching for small farm teams to earn his way through seminary. After studying in Rome, he was ordained on March 7, 1925. Returning to Omaha, he would become the Chancellor to the Omaha Diocese.

Monsignor Wegner was appointed the Executive Director of Boys Town on September 15, 1948. He retired on September 15, 1973.

Started by Father Edward J. Flanagan 1917, Boys Town began in a boarding house that welcomed all boys regardless of their race or religion. By the spring of 1917, 100 boys were living in the home. In 1921, Father Flanagan purchased Overlook Farm on the outskirts of Omaha and move the home there. Eventually becoming known as the Village of Boys Town, the community became an official village in the state of Nebraska. The boys that lived there elected their own government which included a mayor, council and commissioners.

This typewritten, signed document is dated February 4, 1958 and is on the official stationary of Father Flanagan's Boys' Home. Addressed to Miss Elaine Kwiat of New Castle, Pennsylvania, the letter thanks Miss Kwiat for her "generous contribution of $1.00" as well as her thoughts on Msgr. Wegner's recent appearance on television's game show, "To Tell The Truth." Msgr. Wegner remarks that at 14 years of age, Kwiat appears to be "quite a little young lady" and tells her that "God will reward you very generously for your willingness to share some of your blessings with these homeless children." He mentions the young girl's church as well as her school, Ben Franklin Junior High School. The letterhead is in full color and includes a vivid illustration of Boys' Town and it's inhabitants walking towards its buildings. The letter is signed "Nicholas H. Wegner." $175.00

37. JOSEPH HUME (1777-1855)
A British physician and statesman and long-time member of Parliament. A radical member of the Whig party, Hume was considered the leader of the movement toward universal suffrage and religious freedom. He was instrumental in the repeal of the Corn Laws. This manuscript letter was written and signed by Hume. Dated May 10, 1824, Hume mentions in the letter that he is adding his autograph to a collection of "public characters" which was requested by the addressee. It is signed "Joseph Hume" in a good strong signature. $135.00
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38. SAMUEL D. INGHAM (1779-1860)
Samuel D. Ingham was born in 1779 near New Hope, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. After a brief education and the death of his father, Ingham worked as paper maker's apprentice for five years before returning to help run his family's farm.

In 1798, to help supplement the family's income, Ingham went to New Jersey, where he worked at a paper mill. Returning home, he opened his own mill and pursued politics, becoming a member of the state House of Representatives in 1806. After serving one two-year term, Ingham returned to the family farm, where he sat as justice of the peace for Bucks County from 1808 to 1812 and from 1813 to 1818 served as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives.

In 1818, Ingham moved back to Pennsylvania where he became the chief clerk for the courts of Bucks County. A year later, he left that post to become the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He served in this capacity for one year before returning to Congress as a representative from 1822 to 1829.

In 1829, President Andrew Jackson tapped Ingham to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, a position Ingham held from 1829 to 1831, when he resigned amidst controversy surrounding the "Eaton Affair." He then returned to Pennsylvania, where he pursued various business interests, including his paper mill and the development of anthracite coal fields. Samuel D. Ingham died in 1860 and is buried in the Solebury Presbyterian Churchyard in Solebury, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.

This partially printed Treasury Department document is dated December 30, 1830. It concerns goods imported from Hamburg to New York and is addressed to the Collector of the Customs of that port. The document is signed by Ingham as Secretary of the Treasury. 250.00

40. TOBIAS LEAR (1762-1816)
Best known as the personal secretary to President George Washington serving under the President from 1784 until Washington's death in 1799. It is through Lear's personal journal that we receive the account of Washington's final moments before death and his last words: "'Tis well."

Prior to working for Washington, Lear served as President Thomas Jefferson's envoy to Saint-Domingue and as peace envoy in the Mediterranean during the Barbary Wars. Lear was responsible for negotiating a peace that would end the first Barbary War. Instead of joining the Continental Army, Lear attended Harvard College during the Revolutionary War later graduating in 1783. His career began as a teacher until he was recommended for the combined job of tutoring Martha Washington's grandchildren and acting as George Washington's personal secretary. Residing in Washington's house, Lear's status quickly elevated beyond secretary to Washington's right hand man. Lear's friendship with Washington continued during Washington's presidency as the two would often dine alone together. In 1799, Washington unexpectedly died while Lear was visiting him in Mount Vernon. It is Lear's famous diary entry that describes Washington's final hours and details the President's last words, "Tis well."

Lear would commit suicide by pistol on October 11, 1816. The reasons for his suicide are unknown.

This manuscript letter, dated September 18, 1816, was written less than one month prior to Lear's suicide. Addressed to Colonel Jessup at New Orleans, the letter was written by Lear in his role as accountant for the War Department. It concerns the payment of troops and mentions General Andrew Jackson, whose famous victory at the Battle of New Orleans the previous year was the high point of the War of 1812. It is signed "Tobias Lear." $1200.00

56. JOHN WANAMAKER (1838-1922)
United States merchant, religious leader, civic and political leader and considered by many as the father of modern advertising and a "pioneer in marketing." Typewritten and signed letter on the "Private Office" stationary of John Wanamaker and dated March 24, 1916. Addressed to Mr. H. E. Paisley of Philadelphia, PA, Wanamaker discusses his feelings regarding the direction of the Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip, a Protestant men's service and prayer organization. He continues by saying that he has chosen to end his association with the organization and "go quietly on in my own way and not disturb the Andrew and Philip procession from going on with the great role that they had chosen for themselves." Signed with his trademark autograph, "John Wanamaker." $90.00
51. ADLAI E. STEVENSON (1900-1965)
Governor of Illinois, twice a Democratic nominee for U.S. President (1952 and 1956) and one of the leading political figures of the mid-Twentieth Century. This typewritten letter, dated January 16, 1956, is on the personal stationary of Adlai E. Stevenson which includes his address of 231 So. La Salle Street, Chicago. It is intended for a Mrs. Wm. Peter Veuve of Menlo Park, California. Stevenson is obviously a friend of Mrs. Veuve's as he addresses her in the letter by her first name, Styleta. Stevenson thanks her for a previous letter which was received the previous November but "somehow went astray here in the office." It is signed, "Adlai E. Stevenson." $100.00

43. THOMAS MIFFLIN (1744-1800)
Major-General during the War of the Revolution, Quartermaster-General of the Continental Army until 1778. An early and ardent supporter of the Revolution, he was Washington's first aide-de-camp. Governor of Pennsylvania 1790-1799. Large (too large to completely fit on our scanner bed) parchment Pennsylvania land document dated December 10, 1794, giving control of 1,100 acres in Northumberland County to William Bingham. Signed by Mifflin as Governor. $550.00
47. EDMUND RANDOLPH (1753-1814)
American statesman and lawyer, was an exceedingly influential public figure from 1780 to 1800.

Edmund Randolph graduated from the College of William and Mary, and influenced by his uncle Peyton who was a firm patriot, broke with his father. In August 1775 he joined George Washington's army. When Peyton Randolph (president of the first Continental Congress) died a few months later, Edmund returned to Virginia. He served in the Virginia Convention of 1776, was mayor of Williamsburg, and was attorney general of Virginia before his twenty-fifth birthday. His marriage in 1776 to Elizabeth Nicholas, daughter of Robert Nicholas, consolidated his position in Virginia's public life.

In 1781 Randolph began serving as a delegate to the Continental Congress. He worked with James Madison to strengthen the union of the states. At the same time Randolph became one of Virginia's leading attorneys, distinguished for his learning and oratory. He was elected governor of Virginia in 1786.

Randolph's national service resumed in 1786 at the Annapolis Convention, and in 1787 he became a Virginia delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention. Though not as thorough a nationalist as Washington or Madison, he presented his famous Virginia Plan which was the root of much debate at the Convention. The issue was over representation in Congress. Should the number of representatives correspond to the population of the state or should each state be represented equally. Randolph participated heavily in the debate for the former until it was settled by the Connecticut Compromise. This proposed a bicameral Legislature, thus using both systems. This compromise was written as law.

He impressed the Convention with his "most harmonious voice, fine person, and striking manners," as well as with his keen sense of the dangers of tyranny. But his reservations about "energetic government," a concern for the special interests of Virginia, and a kind of indecisiveness caused him to refuse to sign the Constitution. Responding to Madison's tactful persuasion, though, he finally came out for the Constitution and played a key role at Virginia's ratifying convention.

Appointed attorney general of the United States in 1789, Randolph soon became President Washington's mediator in the bitter quarrels between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. As secretary of state in 1794, he sought to maintain friendly relations with both England and France. He approved Jay's Treaty with England as well as the contradictory mission of James Monroe to conciliate republican France. Though he earned Washington's respect and gratitude, Jefferson declared him "a perfect chameleon," while Timothy Pickering aroused Washington's anger by alleging Randolph's subservience to France. Humiliated, Randolph resigned and wrote a Vindication of his conduct.

This museum quality frame, measuring 28.5 x 20" houses two smaller frames. On the left, a portrait of Edmund Randolph. On the right, a land grant document, issued to an individual with the last name of White, for a parcel of land granted by Edmund Randolph as Governor of Virginia. Dated November 6, 1787, the document describes the location of the parcel as 700 acres that begin "on a Rockey Ridge at a white oak." The document includes the paper seal of the state of Virginia on the lower left and the light, but legible signature, "Edm. Randolph" adjacent to the seal. $475.00
7. WILLIAM BIRCH ENGRAVING - Plate No. 8 in the "Views of Philadelphia" Series (1799)
William Birch engraved a series of 29 plates entitled, "Views of Philadelphia." Dating back to 1799, these plates are of great historical significance in that they provide a visual record of Philadelphia's buildings, streets and inhabitants during a period when the city, not only the nation's capital, was the most important and cosmopolitan city in the Western Hemisphere.

Some of the Philadelphia buildings featured in Birch's series of engravings are the State House, Chestnut Street Theatre, Pennsylvania Hospital, Bank of the United States (later known as Girard's Bank) as well as views of Arch, Market, Chestnut and Second Streets.

While many individuals were involved in the production of this series of engravings, including Birch's son Thomas, the actual prints were the work of Birch himself. He conceived and planned the project, drew many of the scenes and did most of the engraving and printing.The full set of engravings were published in a book titled, The City of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, North America; as It Appeared in the Year 1800.

This museum quality frame measures 16.5" x 18.5" and displays Birch's engraving titled, "South East Corner of Third and Market Streets," plate number 8 in the series. The building at the corner was called "Cooke's Folly," built around 1792 by Joseph Cooke, goldsmith and jeweler. In the engraving, street vendors are seen selling meat, produce and other goods. The landmark Indian King tavern appears on the far left. $575.00
45. JOSEPH NOURSE (1754-1850)
Joseph Nourse was the first United States Register of the Treasury. With a career that spanned forty years and six presidential administrations, Nourse was instrumental in administering the finances of the new Republic. In 1800, he moved with the federal government from Philadelphia to the city of Washington and would acquire land in Georgetown, Maryland for his family's residence.

Nourse would purchase land within the tract known as the "Rock of Dumbarton" in 1804 for $7,422.93. The land, located in Georgetown, was part of a parcel first established by Thomas Beall in 1751. In 1789, Samuel Jackson, a merchant from Philadelphia, bought 4.5 acres which would be called the "Rock of Dumbarton" and on which he would build a home called Belle View. Jackson would later mortgage the property and the mortgage was acquired by the United States. The United States sold the house at public auction in April 1804 and within the same month, it was bought by Joseph Norse on April 22, 1804.

The son of a successful merchant, Joseph Nourse was a skilled bookkeeper. When serving as a military secretary for General Charles Lee during the Revolution, he was noticed by George Washington. After independence, he was picked to be the first Register of the Treasury a position he would keep until the Jackson administration. Much of the early Continental currency issued by the new government bears Nourse’s signature.

Nourse was an unassuming individual, a family man with a curious intellect. His Georgetown property eventually included 8 acres of land, enough for a modest subsistence farm where wheat, rye, and hay were grown. Outbuildings included a carriage house, stables, barn, icehouse, and dairy. To keep all this running, the Nourses kept about 10 servants at any given time, some free and some enslaved. The wheat and rye produced on the estate could be easily carried a short distance down the hill to Rock Creek, where it could be ground into flour at Lyons' Mill. Joseph likely spent little time overseeing these activities, however. In addition to being “America’s first civil servant,” as he was dubbed in an exhibition in the 1990s, Nourse could just as aptly be considered Washington’s first suburban commuter, traveling daily from his house on Cedar Hill (later known as Dumbarton House) to his Treasury Department office on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington City.

This handwritten document dated April 22, 1805 is a receipt for the amount of $7422.93 paid by Joseph Nourse for the purchase of land owned by the United States of America, the mortgage acquired from Samuel Jackson. It states that the parcel is part of the land known as the "Rock of Dumbarton." It details the tract's exact borders with descriptive sentences such as "north three degrees west seven hundred and seventy five feet six inches to a stone." The document goes on to detail how payment will be made and states that "Joseph Nourse or his heirs, shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid into the Treasury of the United States, to the credit of the Treasurer for...the amount now due on the purchase aforesaid. The document is signed "Joseph Nourse" and witnessed by "W Kilty."

The mortgage was paid off on May 21, 1808 and signed "G Duvall." Gabriel Duvall was the Comptroller of the Treasury of the United States.

The second document, dated August 20, 1808, displays a record of when Joseph Nourse made his payments to the Treasury of the United States for the Georgetown land in question. The document is signed by Thomas Tudor Tucker in his position as Treasurer of the United States. Tucker was elected from South Carolina in both the Continental Congress and the House of Representatives. He would eventually be appointed Treasurer of the United States, a position he held from 1801 until his death in 1828, making him the longest-serving Treasurer in U.S.

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